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What have been the most significant advances in Medicine in the past 20/50 years?

Discussion in 'Medical School Interviews' started by Mattie, Apr 12, 2005.

  1. Mattie

    Mattie New Member

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    I was reading one of the entry to Medicine books in my careers library and there was a question that i wasn't sure how to answer:
    What have been the most significant advances in Medicine in the past 20/50 years? :eek:
    I thought that the Human Genome Project was important. I also thought that transplant surgery was fairly major. I don;t know whether these are what you guys think. Could i have ur views. ;)
     
  2. cherry and white chick

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    In 1954, Becton, Dickinson and Company created the first mass-produced disposable syringe and needle, produced in glass.

    Or how about Cat Scans in 1975!

    Just got that off google!!! If I got that in an interview I would have a clue what to say!!!
     
  3. Mattie

    Mattie New Member

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    Yeah it is a difficult question. Thanx for ur help though

    I'll have a look on google to.
     
  4. Makey

    Makey New Member

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  5. Shobhit Arya

    Shobhit Arya New Member

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    Definetley the imaging processes e.g. PET/CT/MRI which have really come of age as viable medical tools in the last 25 years and before this the work done on the theory of these subjects.

    The promise of molecular biology has helped understanding of vital human functions and combined with the completiion of a draft of the human genome offers a chance for real breakthroughs in gene therapy within our working lives.
     
  6. Mattie

    Mattie New Member

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    I think that is true. Genetics will become very prominant in the future as well as nanotechnology, but not for a while yet.
    I suppose you could say that with these new developments many bad things have sprung up as well, such as HIV AIDS.
    On a web site it says the following are the most important developments in the last 50 years in medicine and biology:
    DNA structure discovered,
    Human genome project and genetic engineering of plants and animals,
    Biotechnology,
    Birth control technology and use,
    The spread of Aids,
    Polio and Smallpox defeated - worldwide immunization programs,
    Control of tooth decay,
    Developments in medical techology including nuclear medicine, MRI, etc.
     
  7. linksdeg

    linksdeg New Member

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    hey

    Interesting thread. Good hygiene, education, health and safety in the workplace, immunisation and nutrition are the greatest contributing factors to our modern day health (much of this due to this establishment of the NHS) - compare ourselves to a country without these, for example Mozambique. A country which suffers from high infant mortality, high aids levels and low life expectancy - infact Mozambique has a significantly lower level of life expectancy to Great Britain .... at the turn of the last century!!!

    Humanities Student wishing to study medicine - its all in the demographics ....
     
    #7 linksdeg, Jun 11, 2005
    Last edited: Jun 11, 2005
  8. plictys

    plictys New Member

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    information technology, computers lead the way :cool:
     
  9. sarahbee

    sarahbee New Member

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    whatever you find out about medical advances, remember to remember it! speaking from experience, forgetting all about medical advances during the interview is not the best thing to do!
     
  10. monkey boy

    monkey boy New Member

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    sarahbee that sounds like a story...

    plenty to argue about. Try this, it has some great stuff: THE RISE AND FALL OF MODERN MEDICINE by James Le Fanu, ISBN 316 648326 1

    randomly enough I actually met him in london just a few weeks ago...
     
  11. plictys

    plictys New Member

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    what about the fall?
    are we fighting for a lost cause? :confused:
     
  12. ipster

    ipster New Member

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    The fall? Have your read the book plictys? the 'fall' is only realtive compared to the so called 'golden age' of therapeutic innovation, mostly occurred by chance. There is no 'lost cause', just less rapid and revolutionary progression. To quote the clever bloke medicine is 'getting better but feeling worse'.
     
  13. macco88

    macco88 New Member

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    isnt that why u go to med school? to learn about clinical techniques and advances? just my 2 cents and some1 had to say it.
     
  14. Varied A

    Varied A New Member

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    Well I guess so - but I'd be a little worried if there were people applying to med school who knew nothing about contemporary medicine and how it's evolved. Even if you don't know a great deal, it is really pretty interesting - I've read quite a bit recently about the evolution of Emergency Medicine, which has only really come of age as a speciality in its own right towards the very end of the 20th Century... and to think, it's now a service to which many thousands of people a year owe their lives!
     
  15. The Messiah

    The Messiah New Member

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    Penicillin?
    HGP?
    Computers?
    PCR?
    Birth Control?
     
  16. karnesh

    karnesh New Member

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    As an interviewer, I'd say this question is not only testing your general knowledge, but your opinion. Some of your answers may be challenged on the basis that while you think it's a major advancement, at least one of the interviewers doesn't agree. You will be expected to justify your answer, rather than just acquiese and let the interviewer steamroll you. However, this doesn't mean argue with them. That's a no-no. If you cannot accept his/her points while making yours, and feel they are totally wrong, you do not push it. Just politely say something about how you respect their opinion, but despite their points, you still feel differently about the subject in question.

    Oh, what about DNA fingerprinting? ;p
     
  17. mapaneba

    mapaneba New Member

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    Hope this is of some use. It's roughly copied from The Rise & Fall and it's obviously by no means a comprehensive list. Penecillin and cortizone are likely the most important advances.

    1935 Sulphonamides
    1941 Penicillin
    Pap smear for cervical cancer
    1944 Kidney dialysis
    1946 General anaesthesia
    1947 Radiotherapy
    1948 Intraocular lens implant for cataracts
    1949 Cortizone
    1950 Smoking causes lung cancer
    Tuberculosis cured with streptomycin and PAS
    1952 Copenhagen polio epidemic INTENSIVE CARE
    1954 Carl Zeiss Operating Microscope
    1955 Open-heart surgery
    Polio vacination
    1956 CPR
    1957 Factor 8
    1959 Hopkins endoscope
    1960 Oral contraceptive pill
    1961 Levodopa for Parkinson's
    Hip replacement
    1963 Kidney transplantation
    1964 Prevention of strokes
    Coronary bypass graft
    1967 First heart transplant
    1969 Pre-natal diagnosis of Down's Syndrome
    1970 Neonatal intensive care
    Cognitive therapy
    1971 Curing childhood cancer (Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia)
    1973 CAT scanner
    1978 First "test tube" baby
    1979 Coronary angioplasty
    1984 Helicobacter as peptic ulcer cause
    1978 Thrombolysis for heart attacks
    1996 AIDS triple therapy
    1998 Viagra
     
    #17 mapaneba, Oct 9, 2005
    Last edited: Oct 9, 2005
  18. laura3

    laura3 New Member

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    Could you count the introduction of the NHS?
     
  19. doc-to-be

    doc-to-be New Member

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    I was just thinking of the NHS. I think that's been an advance in medicine compared to what it was like in the past.
     
  20. macco88

    macco88 New Member

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    stem cell research is an interesting and important issue i reckon.
     

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